"Two common observations about the development of Bristol in the 19th Century are that its economy was notably diverse but that it grew rather more slowly than some of the more vibrant northern industrial towns. In this article, Peter Malpass considers the ways in which these traits were reflected in the development of the city’s built environment".
'Over the years of the slave trade Bristol's merchants learned the best combination of 'sortings' to facilitate their business in the West Indies. It was an eclectic, international collection of trade goods containing, for instance Maldive cowries, Manchester cottons, Birmingham guns, Swedish iron bars, Bristol copper and glassware, West Indian rum, Virginian tobacco and South Gloucestershire felt hats. The goods were used as customs duties and homage for the coastal kings, 'dash' payments for African middlemen, and barter for slaves'.
Benefactor or Brute? Edward Colston's statue has long presided over Bristol's city centre. The monument proclaiming the benefactions which this immensely wealthy merchant bestowed on the city in the early eighteenth century was defaced in ... by an obscenity which included the words 'slave trader' spray-painted across the statue's base in blood-red paint. Madge Dresser reviews Ken Morgan’s scholarly pamphlet addresses the contentious topic of the statue which stood in Bristol city centre.